The Global Crisis
The data of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations show that bees and other pollinators are priceless when it comes to ensuring the global safety of the food supply chain.
A third of all food produced in the world, i.e. every third spoon of food, depends on pollination. The international study of Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) in 2016 estimated that
- 87% of the world’s flowering plant species depend on pollinators.
- 77% of the global food supply depends on pollinators.
- US$ 235 billion - US$ 577 billion worth of annual global food production relies on pollinators.
- 1.4 billion jobs worldwide rely on pollinators.
Bee populations and the populations of other pollinators have significantly decreased, making them more and more endangered. The declines are the consequence of human activity: intensive agriculture, widespread use of pesticides and pollution caused by waste. Bees are exposed to new diseases and pests. The living environment of bees is shrinking due to the ever-increasing number of the global population. Their survival and development are also threatened by climate change.
The extinction of bees will not only deprive the world of a species, but it may have drastic consequences for entire ecosystems and human race.
AGRICULTURAL PLANTS WHICH REQUIRE POLLINATION ARE AN IMPORTANT SOURCE OF JOBS AND INCOME FOR FARMERS, PARTICULARLY FOR SMALL AND FAMILY FARMS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
Last but not least, bees have an important role in the preservation of the ecological balance and biodiversity in nature.
BEES AS GOOD BIOINDICATORS OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS INFORM US THAT SOMETHING IS HAPPENING TO THE ENVIRONMENT AND THAT WE MUST TAKE ACTION.
Prompt protection of bees and other pollinators will significantly contribute to solving problems with global food supply and eliminating hunger. It will also contribute to efforts to halt further loss of biodiversity and degradation of ecosystems, as well as to the objectives of sustainable development defined in the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Source: The UN