Biodiversity means the variety of all life on earth from the smallest and simplest micro-organism to the complex system that is a rainforest. It includes the habitats and ecosystems, which support this life and how life-forms interact with each other and the rest of the environment.
Biodiversity is important because it provides a source of significant economic, environmental, health and cultural benefits. It provides us with a large amount of goods and services (such as food, medicine, raw materials and clothing) that help us to sustain life on earth. It is these goods and services that allow us to live on this planet.
The wellbeing and prosperity of earth’s ecological balance as well as human society directly depends on the extent and status of biological diversity. Businesses depend on the earth’s biological resources as essential components and services for the operation of their day-to-day activities, such as clean water and raw materials. It is therefore important that there is a sustainable supply of these resources to ensure economic growth.
However, biodiversity is constantly under threat worldwide. Activities such as increased development, inappropriate agricultural practices, poorly managed afforestation and climate change have all put pressure on biodiversity with the result that many species of plants and animals are now under threat of extinction.
It is vital, therefore that all sectors in society play their part in the protection of biodiversity.